Hair loss, also known as alopecia, is a condition in which hair falls out from the scalp or other areas of the body. It can affect both men and women and can be caused by a variety of factors.
Some common causes of hair loss include:
Genetics: Inherited genes from either parent can lead to hair loss, such as male pattern baldness.
Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes due to pregnancy, menopause, or thyroid problems can cause hair loss.
Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as scalp infections, autoimmune disorders, and alopecia areata, can cause hair loss.
Medications: Some medications, such as chemotherapy drugs, can cause hair loss as a side effect.
Stress: Extreme stress or trauma can lead to hair loss.
Nutritional deficiencies: Lack of certain nutrients, such as iron, zinc, and biotin, can lead to hair loss.
Treatment for hair loss depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, hair loss may be temporary and can be reversed with proper treatment. For example, hair loss due to hormonal changes or medication side effects may improve once the underlying cause is addressed. However, in other cases, such as genetic hair loss, treatment options may be limited.