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Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease -

Yes, that’s correct. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It occurs when the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle become narrowed or blocked, usually due to the buildup of fatty deposits (plaque) on the inner walls of the coronary arteries. This process is known as atherosclerosis.

Here are key points about coronary artery disease:

Atherosclerosis: CAD is primarily caused by atherosclerosis, a condition where cholesterol, fat, and other substances form plaque in the coronary arteries. This can restrict blood flow to the heart muscle.

Reduced Blood Flow: As the coronary arteries become narrowed or blocked, the heart may not receive an adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients. This reduced blood flow can lead to chest pain (angina) or, in severe cases, a heart attack.

Risk Factors: Several risk factors contribute to the development of CAD, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, diabetes, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. Age and family history are also important risk factors.

Symptoms: The symptoms of CAD can vary but often include chest pain or discomfort (angina), shortness of breath, fatigue, and in some cases, symptoms may be silent until a heart attack occurs.

Diagnosis: CAD can be diagnosed through various tests, including electrocardiograms (ECG or EKG), stress tests, angiography, and other imaging studies that assess the blood flow to the heart.

Management and Treatment: Treatment for CAD typically involves lifestyle changes, medications to control risk factors (such as high blood pressure and cholesterol levels), and in some cases, surgical interventions such as angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

Prevention: Preventive measures for CAD include adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet low in saturated and trans fats, maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking, and managing conditions like diabetes and hypertension.

Below is a list of useful links:

Given its prevalence and significant impact on health, awareness of risk factors and early detection through regular check-ups are crucial in managing coronary artery disease. It’s important for individuals to work with healthcare professionals to assess their risk factors, make necessary lifestyle changes, and follow appropriate medical management plans to reduce the risk of CAD and related cardiovascular events.

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