What causes abdominal pain?

What causes abdominal pain?

Abdominal pain can have numerous causes, ranging from minor issues to serious medical conditions. It’s important to note that abdominal pain is a symptom rather than a specific diagnosis, and its exact cause can vary based on factors such as location, intensity, duration, and accompanying symptoms.

Here are some common causes of abdominal pain:

1. Gastrointestinal Issues: Gastritis: Inflammation of the stomach lining.

Gastroenteritis: Infection or inflammation of the stomach and intestines (commonly known as a stomach bug).

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): A chronic condition affecting the colon, leading to abdominal discomfort and changes in bowel habits.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): Chronic acid reflux that can cause heartburn and abdominal discomfort.

Peptic Ulcers: Sores in the lining of the stomach or duodenum Constipation or

Diarrhea: Digestive issues can cause cramping and discomfort.

2. Hernias: Weakness in the abdominal wall can lead to hernias, causing pain when organs or tissue protrude through the abdominal muscles.

3. Musculoskeletal Causes: Muscle strains or injuries to the abdominal wall can result in localized pain.

4. Serious Conditions: In some cases, abdominal pain can be a sign of serious medical emergencies, such as a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, bowel obstruction, or cancer.

5. Stress and Anxiety: Emotional factors can contribute to or exacerbate abdominal discomfort, particularly in conditions like functional abdominal pain syndrome.

Below is a list of useful links:

Diagnosing the cause of abdominal pain often requires a thorough medical evaluation, including a physical examination, medical history, and possibly imaging tests or blood work. If you or someone you know is experiencing severe or persistent abdominal pain, it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly, as some conditions can be life-threatening if left untreated.

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